我家就是國際學校粉絲招募中

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2014-07-17

學校型態實驗教育是什麼碗糕?

行政院會在昨天(2014年7月17日)通過教育部擬具的「學校型態實驗教育實施條例」草案,將函請立法院審議。

根據「學校型態實驗教育實施條例」草案:
本條例所稱學校型態實驗教育,指依據特定教育理念,以學校為範圍,從事教育理念之實踐,並就學校制度、行政運作、組織型態、財務與會計、校長資格與產生方式、教職員工之資格與進用方式、課程教學、學生入學、學習成就評量、學生事務及輔導、社區及家長參與等事項,進行整合性教育實驗之教育。
簡單來說,就是辦一所不論是老師、校長、課程內容、上課方式、考試型態等等,都和現在的學校完全不一樣的學校,像是矽谷的翻轉學校、Maker課程或是英國和瑞典的自由學校。

為什麼我們需要一個新法來辦學呢?因為現有的學校法規防弊重於興利,從買文具的核銷方式到校長怎麼產生都有一大堆規定,最離譜的是全校只有10人的馬祖東莒國小也得跟有數千名學生的都會學校用一樣的規定,即使一人一班也不能混齡上課,一點彈性也沒有。

行政院會通過的草案,除了私人可以辦「學校型態實驗教育」以外,地方政府也可以將不超過5%的學校改制為「學校型態實驗教育」,讓一些邊陲的學校能脫胎換骨,成為真正有特色的學校,同時讓家長只要付公立學校的學費就可以享有進步的教育方式。

「學校型態實驗教育」將會把我國教育現場長期由上往下一條鞭的管理制度打破,讓各個學校開始長得不太一樣,進而影響到整個大的教育環境。當家長親身體驗到學習其實可以是很多元時,就會開始挑戰其他非實驗學校的僵化制度,真正的改革才要開始。

2014-07-13

出席自學審議會的教戰手冊

什麼?我們要去面試?WHY?

很多申請自學的家長收到要出席審議會的第一個反應幾乎都是「WHY US? 為什麼是我們家?」然後就開始深思,到底自己計劃書哪裡寫得不好?為什麼不挑別人要挑我們?也有些家長會認為自己去年被評鑑資優,今年一定是哪個委員不識貨,要去「路過」教育局抗議。

其實這些都不是你被邀請出席的原因,因為《國民教育階段辦理非學校型態實驗教育準則》第9條第2項和《高級中等教育階段辦理非學校型態實驗教育辦法》第11條第2項明文規定:
審議會開會時,應邀請申請人或其推派提出申請之代表列席陳述意見。必要時,得邀請設籍學校代表或學生之法定代理人列席。
也就是說,審議會一定要找家長去開會是法律規定的,主要是要保障家長的陳述意見的權利。也就是說,請家長出席,是要保障家長有機會跟審議會當面說明其計畫書內容,而不是放任審議會自由心證。


所以家長應該報著正向的心態來和審議會委員說明自己的自學計畫內容。首先審議會有五分之二的席次是保留給有經驗的自學家長或自學學生,以及自學團的代表,因此審議會委員自己都曾經和你一樣,站在一群人前面被「審問」。在我們家11年前開始申請自學的那個年代,自學審議根本就沒有標準,委員什麼天馬行空的問題都問。最經典的是一位委員問一個愛下圍棋的小學低年級學生生,為什麼棋子是黑白兩色?

現在法有明文規定,審議會依法只能考慮:
一、學生受教權益之保障。
二、計畫內容之合理性及可行性。
三、預期成效。
因此家長真的不用太擔心審議會委員會問一些無厘頭的問題,至少不用擔心自學家長和團體代表這邊的委員會問這種問題,因為我們早年都領教過這種問題。

那審議會委員到底要問什麼呢? 首先教育局或學校通知你去開會時,應該要告訴你審議會想知道什麼。如果他們沒告訴你,那你一定要去問清楚。

接下來就是準備要說明的資料,如果審議會請你補充資料,先不要急著跳進去開始寫一大堆東西,而是仔細想想看委員要的東西是否已經在你提出的申請書內。如果有,你可以直接點出來,而不需要再寫。

另外,你應該準備一個長度五分鐘的簡報和一張A4大小的計畫書重點,當場發給在場的每一位委員和工作人員(至少要準備20份),絕對不要假設委員已經看過你的計劃書。除非是審議會要你補充某些領域,不然簡報內容不要增加新的東西,就是把你的計畫書重點再提醒委員一次,而且要不斷和上面三個因素連結,讓委員看過後知道你的計畫書會達到以上三點。

請記得留幾分鐘給審議會委員提問, 不要拼命一直講個不停,因為後面還有很多人在等。
教育局會事先告訴你有多少時間,寧可提早結束也不要超過,以免顧人怨。

如果你孩子願意,而且台風夠穩,妳可以讓孩子自己跟審議會委員說她想自學的理由、方式及內容。帶孩子去基本上都會加分,不管孩子有沒有說話,但千萬不要請孩子準備拉小提琴或吹直笛之類的才藝表演,不論他多有才華因為這不是評鑑。審議會委員對孩子通常都很客氣,所以不用太擔心孩子的心靈受傷。你也可以不帶孩子來,但有些狀況審議會委員必須要和孩子對話過才能做決定,你沒帶孩子就得再跑一趟帶孩子來。

最後,千萬千萬不要遲到,因為這不比醫院掛號,一但過號是沒辦法讓你插隊的。

2014-06-14

Who must enroll in schools in Taiwan?

Warning: The information contained herein is for informational purposes only as a service to the public, and is not legal advice or a substitute for legal counsel, nor does it constitute advertising or a solicitation, and should not be relied upon in lieu of consultation with appropriate legal advisers in your own jurisdiction. It may not be current as the laws in the area of homeschooling change frequently.

According to the National Immigration Agency, as of 30 April 2014 there were 6,588 under-15 ARC holders in Taiwan. Furthermore, there were 209,784 primary and middle school students in academic year 2013 with at least one parent who was a foreign national. Those students were likely to have dual citizenship. Therefore they might have more options than their mono-citizenship classmates when it comes to education choices.

Traditionally foreign nationals or dual citizen kids go to one of the exclusive international schools in Taipei, Taichung or Kaohsiung. Recently, the trend has been moving towards sending kids to either a local state or private school following national curriculum or to homeschool.

Our dear friend Katrina Brown has written an excellent article on the background of homeschooling in Taiwan for May 2013 Volume 13 Issue 8 of Centered on Taipei. I will focus on things to consider when choosing to homeschool multinational kids in Taiwan.

Compulsory Education and Enrollment Law
According to Article 2 of Primary and Junior High School Act (國民教育法)
Citizens between 6 and 15 years of age (hereafter referred to as “school-age citizens”) shall receive primary and junior high school education. Citizens older than school age who have not received primary and junior high school education shall receive supplementary education.
Compulsory education and enrollment for school-age citizens shall be prescribed by law.
But are your children still Taiwanese citizens or nationals if they don't have a household registry(戶口)? The term "citizens" and "nationals" are used interchangeably when translating 國民 into English. According to Article 3 of Immigration Act (入出國及移民法)
The terms used in the present Act are defined as follows:
1. Nationals: Nationals who reside in the Taiwan Area, have their permanent residence registered at a household registry and have the nationality of the Republic of China (hereafter to be called the State), or nationals without registered permanent residence in the Taiwan Area:
How about if your children do not even possess the ROC passport, are they still nationals? According to Article 2 of Nationality Act (國籍法)
A person shall have the nationality of the ROC under any of the conditions provided by the following Subparagraphs:
1. His/her father or mother was a national of the ROC when he/she was born.
2. He/she was born after the death of his/her father or mother, and his/her father or mother was a national of the ROC at the time of death.
3. He/she was born in the territory of the ROC, and his/her parents can’t be ascertained or both were stateless persons.
4. He/she has undergone the naturalization process.
Preceding Subparagraph 1 and Subparagraph 2 shall also apply to the persons who were minors at the time of the amendment and promulgation of this Act.
Therefore, theoretically if you or your spouse have Taiwanese nationality when your children were born, your children must compile with the Compulsory Education and Enrollment Law regardless what passports they are holding or if they have household registry in Taiwan or not.

However the Local Education Authority can only enforce the Compulsory Education and Enrollment Law to those who have their permanent residence registered at a household registry. So in reality, if your children has no household registry(i.e. they are on ARC), they will not be missed terribly if they don't go to school.

So why bother applying to homeschool in Taiwan? Wouldn't it be much easier just to tell the school the kids have left the country? How about leaving the country and return on a foreign passport? 

I will explain in the next article why you should apply to homeschool your children in Taiwan? 

Why should you apply to homeschool in Taiwan?


Warning: The information contained herein is for informational purposes only as a service to the public, and is not legal advice or a substitute for legal counsel, nor does it constitute advertising or a solicitation, and should not be relied upon in lieu of consultation with appropriate legal advisers in your own jurisdiction. It may not be current as the laws in the area of homeschooling change frequently.

Homeschool Review Board
Homeschooling has been legal in Taiwan for Grade 1 to 9 (國小、國中) since 1999 and has been recognized for Grade 10 -12 (高中) since 2011. Anyone, including non-Taiwanese nationals whose parents are both foreign nationals and has only ARC, can apply to homeschool in Taiwan. I have known an Malaysian missionary family whose kids has only ARC and have been approved by Taipei Homeschool Review Board (臺北市非學校型態實驗教育審議會) to study from Grade 1 on for many years.

Half of the Homeschool Review Boards members are homeschool parents and homeschool non-profit organizations representatives. There is even a foreign national homeschool mom sitting on the Board in Taipei. You may follow any curriculum, including those of your home country, when designing your homeschool program. However you must submit your proposal in Chinese. In the past there were families who have given their proposal written in English to a professional translator and then submitted the translation.

Student Status and Graduation Certificate
When your children complete homeschooling at Grade 6 and Grade 9, the school which manages their student status(學) will issue a Primary School Graduation Certificate and Junior High School Graduation Certificate respectively in both English and Chinese. Your children will also have full transcript in both English and Chinese issued by the school(with the grades provided by you) to be used for application in further study in either Taiwan or abroad. 

Without such certificate it is very difficult to go on further study in Taiwan as schools here only recognize transcripts from accredited schools, not homeschooling transcripts certified by the parents.  Applying to homeschool will give your children the option to attend senior high schools and colleges in Taiwan.

If your children hold Junior High School Graduation Certificate or you can proof that they have completed Grade 9 study from an accredited school abroad, you can also apply to homeschool your children from Grade 10 to 12. When your homeschooling application has been approved by the Review Board, you can choose to have the Local Education Authority to manage your children's student status.

The Authority will issue your children student ID cards which allow them to enjoy the same benefits as other senior high school students. Your child will also be entitled to a governmental subsidy up to TWD33,500 per semester, subject to means test. 

Upon a satisfactory completion of 3-year homeschool education at high school level, the Authority will issue a Proof of Completion which allows your children to continue their study in colleges in Taiwan. If your children need to study abroad, the Authority will authorize a municipal senior high school to issue an Graduation Certificate in English as well as a full transcript of the grades and subjects you give your child. 

If you have any further questions, please contact the Local Education Authority of your household registry or your ARC address.

2014-06-09

受夠學校但又無法自學,何不辦學呢?

過去提到公辦民營,大家想到的就是宜蘭那兩所,然後就是島內移民,搞得妻離子散。

上週四臺北市議會通過了《臺北市市立學校委託私人辦理自治條例》,受夠學校教育的家長,除了自學,還可以辦學,就像這個家長一樣:




至於在臺北市以外的家長,可以等到立法院通過「學校公辦民營條例」後舊友法源依據。至於何時才能遍地開花呢?官員說明年。
http://mag.udn.com/mag/edu/storypage.jsp?f_MAIN_ID=13&f_SUB_ID=104&f_ART_ID=519012


以下是提案人徐佳青議員的新聞稿:
台北市議會今(6/5)日加開臨時會,三讀通過由徐佳青議員去年5月所提《台北市市立學校委託私人辦理自治條例》一案,對此徐佳青表示,爲因應家長規劃孩子有更多元的教育選擇權,及因少子化致使許多教育設施閒置的再活化,市立學校委託私人辦理的概念,不僅輔助公部門爲空間規劃注入活水,更滿足了家長亟欲在既有教育體制外,爲孩子鋪設多軌學習的奠基,徐議員更感謝此自治條例提案,獲議會不分黨派議員支持連署,也對台北市政府教育局願意以前進思維配合議會提案表示肯定。

徐佳青強調,市府裁撤或合併公立學校,將致被裁撤之學校所坐落土地及校舍閒置,而被合併學校,又可能成為他校之分校或分班,對該學校所在教育環境發生重大改變,為避免教育資源浪費,進而促進資源活用,並兼顧整體教育環境之發展,遂於去年提案要求台北市政府在計劃裁撤或合併公立學校前,必須經專業評估,依可行性委託私人辦理。

徐佳青說,《台北市市立學校委託私人辦理自治條例》符合十二年國教多元特色的最初意旨,也落實地方自治精神,能夠使教育有更新型態的創意發展,促進教育多元化,亦能鼓勵私人參與辦理公立學校,使教育體質能更活潑健全,藉由從事各類教育實驗,使學生有接觸更多教育模式的可能,並解決少子化後,市府面臨諸多閒置校舍的難題,徐議員認為這條例畢其功於一役,是個多贏的政策。

2014-06-08

自願序的關鍵在學生人數和招生名額的比例

這個週末,媒體把全國27萬名國三畢業生的家長都形容成無頭蒼蠅,到處求明牌看要怎麼填免試入學的志願序才不會「高分低就」。

陳爸完全不認同學校老師、補習班、電視名嘴等的說法,自學教父我認為選填自願的關鍵是在學校的學生人數和招生名額的比例,而不是會考成績或作文等第。

免試入學的簡章明文規定,只要你填的學校報名人數未超過招生名額時全部錄取,即使你沒有去考會考也沒關係,學校還是照樣會收你。只有在報名人數超過招生名額時,才會依照「超額比序項目積分對照表」換算積分以進行比序分發。

可是你怎麼會知道你家附近有哪些學校不會滿呢?學校外面的跑馬燈只會一直跑「狂賀本校○○○甄選上X大X系」,又不會說「誠徵高一新生,尚有300個缺額」,哪知誰會滿誰沒滿呢?

別擔心,教育部早就幫你把功課做好了!

只要你上這個網站,http://stats.moe.gov.tw/gisweb/ ,把你家的地址輸進去,設定查詢範圍,地圖系統就會把範圍內的高中職補校全部一網打進。

接下來你只要點選你想知道的學校,交叉比對學校資料頁面左下角的「招生資訊」和「學校概況」,就可知道這個學校會不會滿。

以教育部的範例「私立協和工商」為例,103學年的免試招生名額共1,000個,如下圖:

但他們102學年的學生總人數是2,099人,男女生要記得加總,如下圖:

假設該校學生都是三年畢業,也就是「協和高中」目前每個年級註冊的學生人數約700人,再加上103學年的學生人數會比之前都少一成,可以推算出今年大該 6~700人會去報名「協和高中」,跟該校開出來的1,000名額比起來,至少還有3~400個空位。

因此,孩子可以放心填這所學校,即使連會考都沒去考,也保證一定會上。

若使用上有任何問題,可以請教教育部統計處的聯絡人:金允文, 電話:(02)7736-6379。

2014-05-28

一週完成自學申請 ─ 送件篇

過去一週,我們整理出你要幫孩子申請自學的
  • 目的與方式
  • 地點、對象和期程
  • 內容
  • 進度
  • 資源和師資
  • 預期成效及附件
現在我們要把這些想法,組成審議會委員需要看的文件資料。

首先是申請表、這部分各縣市大同小異,要記得如果申請人是父母雙方,則雙方都要簽名。

第二個是計劃書,根據《國民教育階段辦理非學校型態實驗教育準則》第五條,實驗教育計畫的內容包括:實驗教育之名稱、目的、方式、內容(含課程與教學 、學習評量及預定使用學校設施、設備項目等)、主持人與參與教育 實驗人員之相關資料及預期成效。

這時候你會發現大部分的內容都是我們前六天準備的,各縣市網站上下載的資料,多半會說計畫書的範例僅共參考,因此你「真的」不需要依樣畫葫蘆。


在把想法整理成計畫書時,最重要的是依照以上準則所列的順序,並且做好目錄,讓審議會委員能很容地找到法律規定需要的東西。

整理好的計畫書初稿,最好是找有經驗的家長看過,檢查有沒有漏掉重要的東西。

此外,文件一定要裝訂,拜託不要送一疊沒有裝訂的紙給教育局,因為資料到委員手上,還得經過非常多手。如果沒有裝訂好,保證一定會有幾頁不翼而飛,到時候因為資料不全而沒過,你就虧大了。

最後是看你的政府要求你送幾分,送到哪去?還有沒有需要繳交光碟片等。你有可能需要送到你的設籍學校、或是教育局指定的學校,或是教育局本身,無論如何,一定要拿到收據證明你在幾月幾日有送件。

無論如何,拜託拜託,一定要在五月底前完成送件。如果你是申請高中,則是六月底之前。

最後,祝大家自學快樂。

陳爸 敬上